AskDefine | Define lapsus

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From lapsus.


hr-noun m



From lapsus.







Extensive Definition

Lapsus is an involuntary mistake made while writing or speaking. According to Freud, in his early psychoanalytic theory it represents a missed deed that hides an unconscious desire.
In literature there are a number of different lapsus depending on the mode of correspondence:
  • Lapsus Linguae (pl. same): slip of the tongue.
  • Lapsus Calami: slip of the pen. With the variation of Lapsus Clavis: slip of the typewriting
  • Lapsus Manu: slip of the hand. Similar to Lapsus Calami.
  • Lapsus Memoriae: slip of memory.

Types of Slips of the Tongue

Slips can happen on any level:
  • Syntactic - is instead of was.
  • Phrasal slips of tongue - I'll explain this tornado later.
  • Lexical/semantic - moon full instead of full moon.
  • Morphological level - workings paper
  • Phonological (sound slips) - snow flurries becoming flow snurries
Additionally, each of these three levels of error may take various forms:
  • Anticipations: Where an early output item is corrupted by an element belonging to a later one. Thus "reading list" - "leading list".
  • Perseverations: Where a later output item is corrupted by an element belonging to an earlier one. Thus "waking rabbits" - "waking wabbits".
  • Deletions: Where an output element is somehow totally lost. Thus "same state" - "same sate".
  • Shift: Moving a letter. Thus "black foxes" - "back floxes".
  • Haplologies: half one word and half the other. Thus "stummy" instead of "stomach or tummy". (Smith, 2003)

See also

lapsus in Czech: Přeřeknutí
lapsus in German: Lapsus
lapsus in Estonian: Lapsus
lapsus in Spanish: Lapsus
lapsus in French: Lapsus
lapsus in Croatian: Lapsus
lapsus in Italian: Lapsus
lapsus in Swedish: Lapsus
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