AskDefine | Define lapsus

User Contributed Dictionary

Croatian

Etymology

From lapsus.

Noun

hr-noun m

Icelandic

Etymology

From lapsus.

Noun

lapsus

Synonyms

Latin

Verb

lāpsus

Extensive Definition

Lapsus is an involuntary mistake made while writing or speaking. According to Freud, in his early psychoanalytic theory it represents a missed deed that hides an unconscious desire.
In literature there are a number of different lapsus depending on the mode of correspondence:
  • Lapsus Linguae (pl. same): slip of the tongue.
  • Lapsus Calami: slip of the pen. With the variation of Lapsus Clavis: slip of the typewriting
  • Lapsus Manu: slip of the hand. Similar to Lapsus Calami.
  • Lapsus Memoriae: slip of memory.

Types of Slips of the Tongue

Slips can happen on any level:
  • Syntactic - is instead of was.
  • Phrasal slips of tongue - I'll explain this tornado later.
  • Lexical/semantic - moon full instead of full moon.
  • Morphological level - workings paper
  • Phonological (sound slips) - snow flurries becoming flow snurries
Additionally, each of these three levels of error may take various forms:
  • Anticipations: Where an early output item is corrupted by an element belonging to a later one. Thus "reading list" - "leading list".
  • Perseverations: Where a later output item is corrupted by an element belonging to an earlier one. Thus "waking rabbits" - "waking wabbits".
  • Deletions: Where an output element is somehow totally lost. Thus "same state" - "same sate".
  • Shift: Moving a letter. Thus "black foxes" - "back floxes".
  • Haplologies: half one word and half the other. Thus "stummy" instead of "stomach or tummy". (Smith, 2003)

See also

lapsus in Czech: Přeřeknutí
lapsus in German: Lapsus
lapsus in Estonian: Lapsus
lapsus in Spanish: Lapsus
lapsus in French: Lapsus
lapsus in Croatian: Lapsus
lapsus in Italian: Lapsus
lapsus in Swedish: Lapsus
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